Pandemic in Parramatta: The Influenza Outbreak of 1919 (Part 1)

Pandemic in Parramatta: The Influenza Outbreak of 1919 (Part 1)

Commuters in Sydney wearing masks during the influenza pandemic, 1919. Source: The Australian

A global pandemic reaches Australia

In November 1918, as peace was declared and the guns of the First World War fell silent, people across the world began to succumb in great numbers to a deadly disease. Caused by a particularly virulent strain of pneumonic influenza, the illness was notable for taking the lives of an unusually high number of otherwise young and healthy people.

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Pandemic in Parramatta: The Influenza Outbreak of 1919 (Part 3)

Pandemic in Parramatta: The Influenza Outbreak of 1919 (Part 3)

Motions of Condolence. Source: Minutes of the Meeting of Dundas Municipal Council, 2 April 1919

Loss and recovery in Parramatta

As the pneumonic influenza pandemic took hold in Parramatta during the first few months of 1919, the small Parramatta District Hospital was only able to admit a handful of influenza patients, so those ill with the disease began to be directed to Lidcombe State Hospital, or the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital in Camperdown.[1]

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World War One and Letters to Home

World War One and Letters to Home

During the First World War, letter writing was the main form of communication between soldiers and their loved ones, this helped ease the pain of long term separation. Soldiers from Parramatta would write letters (more…)

World War One & Horse Soldiers

World War One & Horse Soldiers

Animals played a vital role during World War One, especially horses. Australia sent more than 136,000 Australian horses overseas to support and serve. The type of war horse that was favoured by the light horsemen in the campaign were originally from New South Wales, hence the sturdy, hardy breed became known as ‘Walers’. (more…)

World War One & Survival Stories

World War One & Survival Stories

Australia’s involvement in World War One began on 4 August 1914. Sadly, many of these soldiers, sailors, airmen, medical support staff and nurses didn’t make it home. Their courage, sacrifice, hardship and losses brought a new maturity to our nation. In the face of atrocity and adversary, (more…)

World War One & Served in Palestine

World War One & Served in Palestine

In Palestine and Syria during World War One, total battle casualties for the Australian Imperial Force in this campaign were 416 officers and 4435 other ranks, with 96 officers and 1278 enlisted men dying from wounds and disease. (more…)

Gazing on green: The Trees of Parramatta

Gazing on green: The Trees of Parramatta

A spectacular tree in Parramatta Park (Source: City of Parramatta Council, 2012)

Trees across the Parramatta area make our surroundings more attractive and pleasant. They provide relief from heat and glare, improve the quality of the air we breathe, and help retain precious rainwater in our soil. Trees frame our memories and identity. For the traditional custodians of this land, the Darug people, trees hold particular cultural and spiritual relevance.[1]

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World War One & Prisoners of War

World War One & Prisoners of War

Over 4000 Australians were captured by the Germans on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918. Nine per cent of these prisoners died in captivity. A total of 395 Australians died during captivity in the First World War. (more…)

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