Australia’s involvement in World War One began on 4 August 1914. Many who joined up believed that the war would be a great adventure, but none could have imagined the scale of the endeavor on which they were about to embark. Sadly, many of these soldiers, sailors, airmen, medical support staff and nurses never made it home. Their courage, sacrifice, hardship and losses brought a new maturity to our nation.

The impact of World War One on Australia’s economy was significant. At that time, the majority of exports from Australia were wool, wheat and minerals. Exporters were deprived of shipping services and they found it difficult to receive payments for their goods.

For Australia, this war remains the costliest conflict in terms of deaths and casualties. From a population of fewer than five million, 416,809 men enlisted, of whom more than 60,000 were killed and 156,000 were wounded, gassed, or taken prisoner. Another 6000 veterans died by the 1930s due to war related injuries and suicide.

Listed here are the stories of soldiers who were killed in action. In extraordinary circumstances they were not only brave and selfless, but they also paid the ultimate sacrifice whilst defending their country.

Please read the book by clicking on the link: ‘Killed in Action’

Neera Sahni, Research Services Leader, Parramatta Heritage Centre, 2019